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语法填空必杀四:动词做非谓语的三种命题难度

作者:正规买球app十佳排行 时间:2022-07-17 23:11
本文摘要:语法填空必杀四:动词做非谓语的三种命题难度 致读者:动词做谓语相对来说比力难,有许多基础常识需要把握,基础的句子阐发能力需要具备(如逻辑主语),此文章适合有必然基础的读者看 语法填空动词(非谓语形式)解题技巧汇总 一、 判断方式: 1. 空格处的提示词为动词 2. 空格处填的词为非谓语形式(判断方式:句子内不缺谓语) 二、根基能力 1. 动词的此刻分词,已往分词会写 2. 常见固定搭配 (1) 介词后+doing 常考介词为:by, for, in, with, witho

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语法填空必杀四:动词做非谓语的三种命题难度 致读者:动词做谓语相对来说比力难,有许多基础常识需要把握,基础的句子阐发能力需要具备(如逻辑主语),此文章适合有必然基础的读者看 语法填空动词(非谓语形式)解题技巧汇总 一、 判断方式: 1. 空格处的提示词为动词 2. 空格处填的词为非谓语形式(判断方式:句子内不缺谓语) 二、根基能力 1. 动词的此刻分词,已往分词会写 2. 常见固定搭配 (1) 介词后+doing 常考介词为:by, for, in, with, without, of, after, from等 (2) 常见的+to do 的动词 刻意学会想但愿(decide/determine,learn,want,expect/hope/wish), 拒绝设法愿假装(refuse,manage,care,pretend)。主动承诺选打算(offer,promise,choose,plan), 同意请求帮一帮(agree,ask/beg,help)。(3) 常见的+doing的动词 制止错过少延期(avoid, miss, delay), 发起完成多操练(suggest, finish, practice) 喜欢想象不由得(enjoy, imagine, can't help),认可否认与吃醋(admit, deny, envy), 逃脱冒险莫原谅(escape, risk, pardon),忍受保持不在意(stand, keep, mind)。(4) 必背的固定搭配 to do ①be likely to do sth. 很可能做某事 ②be designed to do sth. 被设计用来做某事 展开全文 ③be intended to do sth. 计划做某事 ④be to blame 应受责备(无被动) ⑤can hardly/can’t wait to do sth. 火烧眉毛做某事 ⑥There is no need to do sth. 没有须要做某事。

⑦It takes sb.some time to do sth. 或人花几多时间做某事。⑧sb./sth.be said/supposed/believed/thought/known/reported to do/to be done/to have done 据说/ 认为/报道或人/ 某物…… ⑨It remains to be seen...…… 尚待分晓;拭目以待 ⑩ 主语+be +adj. +to do句型 合用于此布局的形容词有: easy ,hard,difficult,important,impossible,interesting,pleasant,nice,comfortable,safe,dangerous等。doing ①be (well) worth doing sth. 值得做某事 ②can’t help doing sth. 不由自主做某事 ③have fun doing sth. 做某事很开心 ④feel like doing sth. 想做某事 ⑤It’s no use/good/pleasure (in) doing sth. 做某事没有用处/ 利益/兴趣 ⑥have difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有坚苦 ⑦be busy (in) doing sth. 忙于做某事 ⑧spend money/time (in) doing sth. 花费款项/时间做某事 ⑨prevent/stop...(from) doing sth. 阻止…… 做某事 ⑩There is no sense/point (in) doing sth. 做某事没有意义。

三、常见考法 低级难度: (1) 介词+doing (2) 作主语 doing 表一般习惯性的行动;to do表详细的一次行动。中级难度 (1) 常见固定搭配 (2) 做定语 非谓语做定语,逻辑主语凡是为空前的名词 ① 若表未来的行动,用不定式to do ;若表未来的被动行动,用to be done。

② 若与逻辑主语是主动关系,用此刻分词( v.­ing) ;若与逻辑主语是被动关系,用已往分词(v.­ed)。③ 若表被动且为正在产生的行动,用being done。

④ 句中呈现first ,second等序数词,last,next,only等以及形容词第一流(+名词)时,用不定式作定语。该布局中主语与不定式应是逻辑上的主谓关系。

⑤ 抽象名词ability ,chance,opportunity,patience,plan,promise,right等后常用不定式作后置定语。作状语 非谓语动词作状语,逻辑主语往往是前面或后面句子的主语。

① 如逻辑主语与非谓语动词之间是主谓关系,且暗示举行,用doing。② 假如是主动关系,但暗示完成( 即早于谓语动词产生),用having done。

③ 假如是逻辑主语与非谓语动词之间是动宾关系(翻译为被... ),用done。④ 假如非谓语动词暗示目的或出乎意料的成果,用不定式; 暗示自然而然的成果用v.­ing。

小技巧 形容词化的v.­ing ,暗示名词的属性,意为“ 令人…… 的” 人或物;形容词化的v.­ed ,暗示名词的心理状态。意为“ 感应…… 的” ;一般修饰voice ,look,expression时,其前往往用v.­ed 形式,暗示心田的感觉。如: 高级难度 句子比力庞大,需要精确翻译句子才能填对谜底 必背固定搭配全家福: 四、经典操练 较易试题: 1 .Scientists have responded by ______(note) that hungry bears may be congregating( 堆积) around human settlements.(2019· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底noting 解析 考察非谓语动词。介词by 后接动词时要用其动名词形式作宾语,故填noting。

2 .A 90­year­old has been awarded“Woman Of The Year” for ______ (be) Britain’s oldest full­time employee—still working 40 hours a week.(2019· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底being 解析 考察非谓语动词。介词for 后接动词时要用其动名词形式作宾语,故填being。3 .But some students didn’t want ______(wear) the uniform.(2019· 浙江) 谜底to wear 解析 考察非谓语动词。

want 后加不定式作宾语,组成want to do sth.“ 想要做某事”。故填to wear。4 .I still remember ______(visit) a friend who’d lived here for five years and I was shocked when I learnt she hadn’t cooked once in all that time.(2018· 浙江) 谜底visiting 解析 考察动名词作宾语。remember doing sth. 记得做过某事。

5 .You may drink,smoke,be overweight and still reduce your risk of ______(die) early by running.(2018· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底dying 解析 考察非谓语动词。介词of 后接动词时要用其动名词形式,故填dying。6 .I quickly lower myself,ducking my head to avoid ______(look) directly into his eyes so he doesn’t feel challenged.(2018· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底looking 解析 考察非谓语动词。

avoid 后接动名词作宾语。avoid doing sth.制止做某事。7 .Fast food is full of fat and salt;by ______(eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.(2017· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底eating 解析 考察非谓语动词。

暗示方式的介词by 后接动名词作宾语。故填eating。8 .This included digging up the road,______(lay) the track and then building a strong roof over the top.(2017· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底laying 解析 考察非谓语动词。

included 后的dig,lay,build是三个并列的行动,按照digging及building可知,lay也应用动名词形式。9 .But Sarah,who has taken part in shows along with top models,wants ______(prove) that she has brains as well as beauty.(2017· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底to prove 解析 考察固定搭配。want to do sth. 想要做某事,为固定搭配。10 .______(learn) to think critically is an important skill today’s children will need for the future.(2019· 天津) 谜底Learning 解析 考察动名词。

阐发句子布局可知,主句的谓语动词是is ,is之前的内容是主语,故此处应用动名词短语作主语。11 .______(travel) along the old Silk Road is an interesting and rewarding experience. (2018· 北京) 谜底Traveling 解析 考察动名词。阐发句子布局可知,主句的谓语动词是is ,is之前的内容是主语,故此处应用动名词短语作主语。

中档试题: 1 .They make great gifts and you see them many times ______(decorate) with red envelopes and messages of good fortune.(2020· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底 decorated 解析 考察非谓语动词。在“see +宾语+宾补” 布局中,宾语与宾补之间是主动关系,用此刻分词,暗示行动正在举行。see sth.done 看到某物被…… ,此处暗示“ 看到礼品装点着红包和祝福好运的信息”。

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them 与decorate是被动关系,所以用已往分词作宾补。2 .And when he saw the mists rising from the river and the soft clouds ______(surround) the mountain tops ,he was reduced to tears.(2020· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底 surrounding 解析 考察非谓语动词。在“see +宾语+宾补” 布局中,宾语与宾补之间是主动关系,用此刻分词,暗示行动正在举行。

the soft clouds 与surround之间是主动关系,且暗示正在产生的情景,故用此刻分词形式。3 .On the last day of our week­long stay,we were invited to attend a private concert on a beautiful farm on the North Shore under the stars,______(listen) to musicians and meeting interesting locals.(2019· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底listening 解析 考察非谓语动词。

本句谓语动词为“were invited” ,所以listen 应用非谓语动词形式。we与listen to之间是主动关系,故用此刻分词短语作陪同状语。也可由and前后毗连两个并列的布局这一纪律解题,and后的meeting interesting locals为分词形式,故空格处填listening。4 .Nervously ______(face) challenges ,I know I will whisper to myself the two simple words“Be yourself”.(2019· 北京) 谜底facing 解析 考察非谓语动词。

阐发句子布局可知,空处为非谓语动词作状语,非谓语动词的逻辑主语是句子的主语I ,主语I与动词face之间为主动关系,所以用此刻分词作状语。5 .______(enjoy) the convenience of digital payment ,many senior citizens started to use smart phones.(2019· 江苏) 谜底To enjoy 解析 考察非谓语动词。句意为:为了享受电子付出的便利,很多暮年人开始使用智能手机。

按照句意并阐发句子布局可知,这里暗示目的,故用不定式作目的状语。6 .China’s image is improving steadily ,with more countries ______(recognize) its role in international affairs.(2019· 江苏) 谜底 recognizing 解析 考察with 复合布局。此处是with复合布局,动词recognize与其逻辑主语more countries之间是主动关系,故用此刻分词。

7 .Once his message was delivered,he allowed me ______(stay) and watch.(2018· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底to stay 解析 考察非谓语动词之动词不定式。allow sb.to do sth. 允许或人做某事,为固定搭配。8 .Ordinary soap,______(use) correctly ,can deal with bacteria effectively.(2018· 北京) 谜底used 解析 因为句子中已有谓语动词,故此处要用非谓语动词形式。

句子的主语与use 之间是被动关系,因此应用已往分词,即已往分词作状语,used correctly相当于if it is used correctly这个条件状语从句的省略形式。9 .I need a new passport so I will have to have my photograph ______(take) .(2018· 天津) 谜底taken 解析 本题考察have sth.done 布局,意为“ 让别人做某事,让…… 被做”。my photograph 与take之间是被动关系,故需用take的已往分词形式。

10 .They represent the earth ______ (come) back to life and best wishes for new beginnings. (2020· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底coming 解析 考察非谓语动词。一个句子不能有两个谓语动词,并且空前的the earth 与come是主动关系,故用此刻分词作后置定语。11 .Agriculture gave people their first experience of the power of technology ______(change) lives.(2020· 浙江) 谜底to change 解析 考察非谓语动词( 不定式)。

句意为:农业让人们第一次体验到科技改变糊口的气力。此处用不定式作定语,修饰technology,故填to change。12 .Picking up her “Lifetime Achievement” award ,proud Irene declared she had no plans ______ (retire) from her 36­year­old business.(2019· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底to retire 解析 考察非谓语动词。不定式作名词plans 的后置定语,故填to retire。

13 .When we got a call ______(say) she was short­listed ,we thought it was a joke. (2019· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底saying 解析 考察非谓语动词。动词say 与其逻辑主语a call是逻辑上的主谓关系,故此处用此刻分词作后置定语,故填saying。

14 .Earth Day,______(mark) on 22 April ,is an annual event aiming to raise public awareness about environmental protection.(2019· 北京) 谜底marked 解析 考察非谓语动词。阐发句子布局可知,空处为非谓语动词作定语;动词mark 与Earth Day之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用已往分词短语作定语。15 .Large amounts of caffeine can cause a problem ______(call) caffeinism. 谜底 called 解析 设空处在名词problem 后作定语,且call与problem之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,应用已往分词作后置定语,故填called。16 .The next morning he hired a boat and set out ______(find) the well­known painter. (2020· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底 to find 解析 考察非谓语动词。

set out to do 开始做…… ,为固定搭配。17 .They are easy ______(care) for and make great presents.(2020· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底 to care 解析 考察固定句式。

sth.be easy to do 某事很容易做。不定式用主动形式表达被动寄义。

18 .Modern methods of tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid­1980s,and are expensive______(perform) consistently over a large area.(2019· 全国Ⅰ) 谜底to perform 解析 考察非谓语动词。本句含有“ 主语+be +adj. +不定式” 布局,主语凡是是不定式行动的蒙受者,不定式用主动形式暗示被动寄义。

故填to perform。19 .I didn’t mean ______(eat) anything but the ice cream looked so good that I couldn’t help ______ (try) it.(2018· 天津) 谜底to eat ;trying 解析 句意为:我没计划吃工具,但这冰激凌看上去如此鲜味以至于我忍不住尝了下。mean to do sth. 计划做某事;mean doing sth.意味着做某事;can’t help doing sth. 不由得/忍不住做某事;can’t help (to) do sth. 不能帮忙做某事。

20 .But unlike her school friends,16­year­old Sarah is not spending half­term ______(rest) . (2017· 全国Ⅲ) 谜底resting 解析 考察固定搭配。spend time (in) doing sth.“ 花时间做某事” 为固定搭配。21 .If you find something you love doing outside of the office,you’ll be less likely ______ (bring) your work home.(2016· 全国Ⅱ) 谜底to bring 解析 考察不定式的用法。

be likely to do sth. 很可能做某事。较难试题 1 .The accident is reported ______(occur) on the first Sunday in February. (2020· 黑龙江尝试中学质检) 谜底to have occurred 解析 短语be reported to 暗示“ 据报道” ,后跟不定式,且变乱产生在报道之前,故应用to have done 形式,occur暗示“ 产生” ,没有被动语态。2 .However,most of the fires this year are believed ______(cause) by farmers ,who use fire as a traditional way to clean land.(2020· 江苏如皋调研) 谜底to be caused 解析 be believed to do 意为“ 被认为” ;引起(cause) 和火警(fires)之间是被动关系,用be caused,所以空缺处填to be caused。3 .I had taken small gestures like ______(be) welcomed ,thought­of or included for granted.(2020· 吉林三调) 谜底being 解析 阐发句子身分可知,like“ 像” 是介词,后接动名词作宾语,故填being。

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